# Gustave Malécot

Gustave Malécot | |
---|---|

Born | La Grand-Croix, Loire-Atlantique, France | 28 December 1911

Died | November 1998 | (aged 86)

Alma mater | École Normale Supérieure, Paris |

Known for | Work on Population genetics |

Scientific career | |

Fields | Mathematician |

Institutions | Lycée de Saint-Étienne Université de Montpellier Université de Lyon |

Doctoral advisor | George Darmois |

**Gustave Malécot** (28 December 1911 – November 1998) was a French mathematician whose work on heredity had a strong influence on population genetics.

## Biography[edit]

Malécot grew up in L'Horme, a small village near St. Étienne in the Loire département, the son of a mine engineer.

In 1935, Malécot obtained a degree in mathematics from the École Normale Supérieure, Paris. He then went on to do a PhD under George Darmois and completed that in 1939. His work focused on R.A. Fisher's 1918 article *The Correlation Between Relatives on the Supposition of Mendelian Inheritance*.

Between 1940 and 1942, with France under Nazi German occupation, Malécot taught mathematics at the Lyceé de Saint-Étienne. In 1942 he was appointed maître de conférence (lecturer) Université de Montpellier. In 1945 he joined the Université de Lyon, becoming professor of applied mathematics in 1946, a position he held until his retirement in 1981.

Malécot's Coancestry Coefficient, a measure of genetic similarity, still bears his name.

## Bibliography[edit]

- Gustave Malécot, The mathematics of heredity, Freeman & Co 1969, ISBN 0-7167-0678-4 (translated from the French edition, 1948)

## References[edit]

- Epperson, Bryan K. (1999). Gustave Malécot, 1911–1998: Population Genetics Founding Father.
*Genetics***152**, 477-484. link to article - Nagylaki, Thomas (1989). Gustave Malécot and the transition from classical to modern population genetics.
*Genetics***122**, 253–268. link to article - Slatkin, Montgomery & Veuille, Michel (Eds.) (2002).
*Modern developments in theoretical population genetics: the legacy of Gustave Malécot*. Oxford : Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-859963-3.