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Sovnarkhoz (Russian: совнархоз, совет народного хозяйства, sovet narodnogo khozyaystva, "Council of National Economy"), usually translated as Regional Economic Soviet, was an organization of the Soviet Union to manage a separate economic region. Sovnarkhozes were subordinated to the Supreme Soviet of the National Economy.

Sovnarkhozes were introduced by Nikita Khrushchev in May 1957 in an attempt to combat the centralization and departmentalism of ministries.[1][2] The USSR was initially divided in 105 economic regions, with sovnarkhozes being operational and planning management;[3] the number was later reduced to 47.[4] Simultaneously, a large number of ministries were shut down.


  1. ^ Timothy J. Colton (1 October 1998). Moscow: Governing the Socialist Metropolis. Harvard University Press. p. 449. ISBN 978-0-674-58749-6.
  2. ^ Peter Rutland (15 October 2009). The Politics of Economic Stagnation in the Soviet Union: The Role of Local Party Organs in Economic Management. Cambridge University Press. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-521-12130-9.
  3. ^ Philip Hanson (2003). The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Economy: An Economic History of the USSR From 1945. Longman. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-582-29958-0.
  4. ^ Paul Cocks; Robert Vincent Daniels; Nancy Whittier Heer (1976). The Dynamics of Soviet Politics. Harvard University Press. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-674-21881-9.